Bible tells how God formed a man from the dust and blew the breath of life into him. Everyone who has read The Book of Genesis knows about Adam and Eve and the fall in the Garden of Eden.The man was then placed in Eden where he had to tend the garden and animals. In the garden, there was a tree containing the knowledge of good and evil. God prohibited the man from eating the fruit of this tree.
Later, as none of the animals were found to be a suitable companion for the man, God created a woman from the man’s rib. The chapter ends by establishing the state of primeval innocence, noting that the man and woman were “naked and not ashamed,” thus providing the basis for the subsequent narrative where wisdom is obtained through disobedience initiated by the woman.
Adam was the first man made in the image of God and Eve was the first woman. However, there are some who claim that Eve was not the first woman and that there was one before her named Lilith.
Lilith, Pandora, and Shatarupa: Women who Befuddled Men and Gods
For 4,000 years Lilith has figured in the imaginations of writers, artists, and poets. Her origins lie in Babylonian demonology, where amulets and incantations were used to counter her sinister powers – Lillith was described as a winged spirit who preyed on pregnant women and infants.
This portrayal of Lilith continued well up to the seventh century CE. However, in the Middle Ages, as the alphabet of Ben Sira was introduced, the ancient Babylonian she-demon took on new characteristics. The fifth chapter includes a Lilith with a new twist— as Adam’s first wife, before Eve, who left Eden because she refused to be treated as Adam’s inferior.
The alphabet’s narrative about Lilith is framed within a tale of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. In his effort to cure the king’s young son, a courtier named Ben Sira invoked the name of God and inscribed an amulet with the names of three healing angels. He then told a story of how these angels travel around the world to subdue evil spirits, such as Lilith, who cause illness and death.
The Bible says that Eve was the first woman and I do not dispute it. The words are there for all to see. If Lilith existed at all (which I do doubt) she was not the first woman.
Adam himself gave the definition of the word woman. He said that because she came from man, she would be called “woman”. Eve came from a man, Adam, and she was called woman.
Since Lilith did not come from man, she was not a woman, far less the first woman. Adam did not name her as woman, it is clear, because she did not fit the definition. As for the argument concerning her existence, that is another topic entirely, I would simply state that if she did exist and was banished, then why was it not recorded in the Bible as the first sin?