How Do I Know if I Have Diabetes?

The symptoms of diabetes can be very mild. Although symptoms are similar for both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes symptoms are especially hard to pinpoint.

“In many patients with Type 2 diabetes, the disease progresses slowly, and they may not realize that they have developed it without screening. There are millions of patients who have diabetes who are not aware that they have it,” says Dr. Asha M. Thomas, an endocrinologist with Sinai Hospital of Baltimore.

One of the symptoms are visible when you have increased urinary tract, yeast or vaginal infections. Sometimes, OB-GYNs helps to diagnose diabetes based on an increased frequency of these infections, says Lucille Hughes, a certified diabetes* educator and director of diabetes education at South Nassau Communities Hospital in Oceanside, New York. Changes to the body’s immune system put those with diabetes at higher risk for these infections, according to the National Kidney Foundation.

Another visible sign is when you experience unintentional weight loss. While many people want to lose weight, the weight loss that occurs when you have uncontrolled diabetes is not a natural way to loss weight . It happens because your body can’t properly use insulin to help process glucose, which is more important sugar found in food, for fuel. So your body starts to process fat and muscle for fuel, says Susan M. De Abate,  certified diabetes educator and team coordinator of the diabetes education program at Sentara Virginia Beach General Hospital.

You have flu-like symptoms or feel more fatigued. Sometimes a spouse may complain that his or her partner used to love going out but now just wants to stay home. “They’ll say, ‘I knew something was different about them,'” Hughes says, describing the fatigue.

The fatigue comes from a lack of glucose, your body’s No. 1 energy source. “It’s as if you’re a car and you run on gasoline, but the gas is outside the car and can’t make it in,” Hughes says.

source : health.usnews